Dr. Vikrant Kundu

BDS (Hons)
MDS ( Orthodontics )
CAIC ( Implantology Korea )
ADIC ( Implantology Israel )
CHIEF MENTOR, Mirell International

What Is a Composite Filling

What are Resin Composite Fillings?

Composite fillings also known as “tooth-colored” and/or “cosmetic fillings” are made up of a mixture of plastic and fine glass particles. It consists of tooth-colored composite resin. Resins imitate the appearance of natural teeth. Composite resin filling is used for Small and large fillings, particularly in front teeth, or the visible parts of teeth; also for inlays that makes it favourite among dentists and patients alike to fulfill their aesthetic appeal and economics.

Are There other Uses of Composite Fillings?

Other than filling, composite are also often used for aesthetic reasons, such as to modify the shape, size or color of your tooth.

Composite fillings literally need your tooth to be thoroughly cleaned and dry while the cavity is being filled. And this makes it more time consuming than a metal filling. In spite of that, Tooth-colored resin fillings are more popular and frequently used than amalgam or gold fillings, may be due to cosmetics advantage. In a society centered around on a bright, white, aligned smile, people favor a filling that mixes well with the natural color of their teeth.

How Long a Composite Filling Lasts?

It lasts for atleast five years. While a composite filling fundamentally will not last as long as an amalgam, porcelain or gold filling, but is still very strong. For a fact, NO dental filling lasts for forever. Composite costsmore than amalgam, but less than gold filling. Composites are occasionally not covered by insurance plans.

There are 2 types of Composite Resin i.e.,Direct and indirect. Your dentist places a direct filling using a bright blue light that hardens the soft material. For indirect fillings, your tooth is takes an impression of it for preparation. The dentist or lab will then create the filling from the mold. Your dentist fixes this filling into place in the second visit.

What are the Advantages of Getting Composite Filling?

One of the best benefits of composite is that your fillings or inlay will totally match the color of your natural teeth.

This filling can bond directly to the tooth. This creates ability for tooth to be stronger than it would be with an amalgam filling.

Involvement of less drilling than with amalgam fillings. That's majorly because your dentist is not required to shape the space to the extent to hold the filling. The bonding process holds the composite resin in the tooth securely.

Heat-cured indirect composite fillings and inlays. This elevates their strength.

Composite resin can be used in conjunction with other compounds, such as glass ionomer, to offer the advantages of both materials.

What Are The Disadvantages of Getting Composite Filling?

Though composite resins withstand wear and are stronger, but their durability is lesser than amalgam under the pressure of grinding.

Composite filling may contract when placed occasionally, forming room between the filling and the tooth. This can further induce more cavities in areas where the filling is failing to make good contact with your tooth. The contraction is lessened when your dentist places this kind of filling in thin layers.

Take more time for placement. That's because they are generally placed in layers. Relatively High cost is also a result of the increased time and labor involved.

Which One is Better- Dental Amalgam or Resin Composite Filling?

All credits to increasing technological advancements, state-of-the-art devices and of course medical professional’s skills and visionary that has today offered patients with multiple choices when it comes to choosing materials to fill cavities. Not only patients but dentists too feel grateful to be a part of this prospering vocation.

Among the choices is the natural tooth-colored compound such as resin-based composite fillings and long existed dental fillings such as those made of metal amalgam. The emergence of new materials for fillings has been favorable, specifically in aspects of aesthetics, but does not remove or replace the relevance of traditional dental amalgam compounds that are stronger, less expensive and more long lasting. These compounds are best in situations where restored teeth must remain firm against extreme forces that occurs in the back of the mouth from chewing.

Technology has transpired enough to allow the application of resin compounds in posterior or back teeth. Still, many dentists choose traditional amalgam over resins for back teeth,for one or more reasons. Amalgam is one of the best filling when fillings need to be placed in areas of the mouth that are difficult to keep dry, like molars or cavities below the gum line. Whereas Resin fillings requires a particular environment in which to be placed; for example, the prepared tooth must be completely dry before the application and cure of resin material. Medical instances has consistently depicted that amalgam is, for a great many situations, still the most valued filling material for long-term, low-cost and low-maintenance function.

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