Dr. Vikrant Kundu

BDS (Hons)
MDS ( Orthodontics )
CAIC ( Implantology Korea )
ADIC ( Implantology Israel )
CHIEF MENTOR, Mirell International

Braces / Orthodontics

With experienced Orthodontist at Shine Dental Clinic enjoy the best Orthodontic/Braces treatment in Dwarka, Delhi

We offer the latest in orthodontic/braces treatment in Dwarka, Delhi, including Invisible braces (Lingual braces), customized lingual brackets and wires (i-Braces), Invisalign®.

This is how braces works & aligns the teeth

What is Orthodontics?

The word “Orthodontics” from two Greek words- “orthos” meaning perfect, straight or proper; and “dontos” meaning teeth. Orthodontics is a medical treatment for treating damaged teeth and jaws. It is a specialized branch of dentistry which treats patients, suffering from improper teeth position, on the mouth being closed. This condition, often referred to as malocclusion, results in inconvenient bite. Besides teeth, orthodontics is also useful for controlling and treating different aspects of facial growth and development of jaws. In many cases, orthodontics is also referred to cosmetic dentistry, for those candidates who wish to fine tune their facial appearance by undergoing medical surgery.

Doctors specializing in orthodontics are called Orthodontist. While performing operations, they use wide ranges of medical tools and devices like plates, braces, and headgears to heal various disorders associated with teeth, jaws, mouth, and face.

What does Orthodontist do?

Primarily, Orthodontist performs the following functions:

  • Many people have wider gaps between teeth. While some teeth are well connected, others have inconsistent gaps. Orthodontics helps in closing these broad gaps between teeth.
  • In some cases, teeth might not be well aligned. Non-alignment of teeth is best corrected through Orthodontics.
  • Patients having crooked or de-shaped teeth are ideal candidates for this treatment. Through Orthodontics, they can improve the shape, structure and position of their teeth.
  • Orthodontics is equally helpful in improving eating and speech. At many times, due to some oral problems, people have problems while speaking and eating. With this treatment, they can overcome their oral disorders and regain quality oral health and lifestyle.
  • Healthy and good quality gums and teeth can be maintained through this medical procedure. Orthodontics is most effective to improve the existing condition of gums, jaws and teeth and protect it from any kind of damage or diseases.
  • Long-term excessive wear of teeth can also be prevented through this treatment. Orthodontics works to heal teeth trauma and restores quality teeth and oral hygiene.
  • Finally, it also treats facial problems associated with dental or oral health, and corrects all imperfections through treatments and surgeries.

How to know if one needs Orthodontics?

From kids to oldies, anyone at any age might need Orthodontics. The most common symptoms that call for this treatment are:

Protruding Front Teeth: People with a front protruding teeth, have higher chances of getting injured during sports, falling down, etc. Orthodontics prevents any kind of damage to the protruding teeth and gives complete protection.

Impacted Teeth: With development of adult teeth, often teeth might not be in proper position. Improper positional or de-shaped teeth are symptoms that can be treated through Orthodontics.

Crowding: In case of narrow jaws, there is lack of space for all teeth, and as a result, all teeth don’t fit properly within the jaw space. Orthodontics treatment removes one or more teeth and accommodates space for all teeth to grow and develop.

Deep Bite: Also known as overbite, the problem happens when teeth are scrunched. Teeth from upper jaw come down, way too much on the lower ones. People having such issues, encounter difficulties while chewing and biting. They often end up over-biting their food.

Asymmetrical Teeth: Teeth are uneven and there is no balance between the upper and the lower teeth. When mouth is closed, teeth on two sides don’t match, however they show.

Open Bite: Patients suffering from this disorder have clenched teeth, with an opening between the upper and the lower teeth.

Reverse Bite: In various cases, if teeth are too tightened, the upper teeth bite inside the lower ones. Patients have problems in keeping their mouth closed and face lot of discomfort and unpleasant feelings.

Cross Bite: In this, when teeth are clenched, at least one of the upper teeth doesn’t come down right in the front of lower teeth, and they are quite near the tongue or cheek. People with this problem, have issues in eating and cannot bite food properly.

Underbite: It creates a bulldog appearance, with the upper teeth being too far back or the lower teeth being backwards.

Spacing: In some patients, there are empty spaces or gaps between teeth. It happens due to a missing tooth or the fact that the teeth don’t fill up the mouth. This problem is just the opposite of crowding.

How does Orthodontics Treatment work?

Typically, Orthodontic treatment takes about six to thirty months for the complete cure. The tenure of treatment is largely dependent on the oral disorder faced by the patient, the dental instruments used for correcting the problems and the power of perseverance of the candidate. The entire Orthodontic procedure can be classified into three stages: planning stage, action stage and retention stage.

1. The Planning Stage

At first, the orthodontist tries to understand the exact problem and conducts complete diagnosis so as to realign the teeth in the most suitable manner. For every patient, the first few sessions comprise of the following dental assessments:

  • Medical and Dental Problems: Dental health and physical wellbeing are dependent on each other. Often, problems in the oral cavity give rise to further medical concerns. Also, there can be health disorders which can develop dental issues. Whatever might be the case, the purpose of the diagnosis is to ensure that key medical and dental problems are brought under control, prior to the treatment.
  • Studying casting or biting problems: After preliminary evaluation, a dental tray, filled with gel substance, is place before the patients, and they are asked to bite down into the tray. The gel matter hardens the teeth and the trays are then taken away from the teeth. They are filled with plaster, thereby creating models of the patient’s teeth. Through the study models, orthodontists can investigate the position of each tooth and how it is relatable to other teeth.
  • Panoramic X-Rays: Post studying teeth models, Orthodontists, with the help of X-Rays, view the potential complications and pre-existing damages to the joints of jaws. X-Rays are incredible ways that allow the surgeons to view the actual position of teeth and its corresponding roots.
  • Computer-Generated Images: With the help of computer-generated images, orthodontists plan the treatment and assess how particular treatments shall affect facial shape and jaw symmetry.
  • Photographs: Many orthodontists take “before” and “after” photographs to see the end-results of their treatment and determine if their treatment plan is fine and shall have active progress in curing the disorder and impacting facial shape.

2. The Action Stage

Based on the above understanding and evaluations, orthodontists will develop a customized treatment plan for each patient. Orthodontists also recommend personalized dental devices to move the problem teeth into proper symmetry and align it. Orthodontic devices applied on patients can be fixed or removable. In common practices, the traditional fixed braces are attached. These braces use individual dental brackets, which are connected by an arch wire. Lingual braces are also placed, however they are made less visible by fitting them on the tongue side (inside) of teeth.

An alternative to fixed braces are the removal ones. These include headgear, facemasks and invisalign systems, which are only made for wearing for certain amount of time, each day, in order to speed up treatment.

Orthodontists regularly adjust the orthodontic devices to ensure that sufficient and continuous pressure is applied to the teeth. In case the braces or other fixed devices break or get damaged, patients must immediately contact their orthodontist.

3. The Retention Stage

Once teeth have been well aligned in the proper position, all removable devices and fixed braces are then removed and discontinued. This is the final stage of the treatment where the actual procedure is over, and the orthodontist only creates a customer retainer so that the teeth do not shift back to their previous positions. Based on doctor’s recommendations, retainers are worn only for specific hours of time for a specific period. During this stage, jawbone reforms around the re-aligned teeth and completely stabilizes them in the right alignment.

How to take care during the treatment?

While the treatment goes on, patients must take certain precautions to take better care of their orthodontic devices and complete the healing procedure effectively. Here are certain ways by which candidates can take good care while undergoing dental and medical processes:

  • Flossing and Brushing with Braces: While putting on braces or other appliances, taking care of gums, teeth and jaws become quite important. Patients must gently floss and brush on a regular basis to prevent further damage or injury to the wires and brackets.
  • Good Diet: Maintaining a good diet also becomes vital. Depending on the patient’s condition, the orthodontists suggest suitable food habits along with stuff they must avoid, while the treatment is in progress. For proper care and protection, patients must follow the dietary advice given by their doctors.
  • Protecting Braces: For those who are into sports or rigorous activities, it is best to put a mouth guard to cover the braces and protect it from further damage. The best mouth guard should be customized, according to the dimension of the braces.
  • Troubleshooting Braces: In certain instances when braces might break down, or suffer hurt, irrespective of the degree of damage; the orthodontist must be contacted. Also, patients must look for their wires and brackets. In case they loosen; they should immediately approach the orthodontist.

Orthodontics for Adults

ClearPath Braces

The ClearPath braces are invisible. These are perfect alternative to the traditional metal braces. Where the metal braces are quite unpleasant to wear and provides discomfort; the ClearPath braces are clinically proven solution and are cosmetic braces which perfectly suits all lifestyle. These braces are the best way to heal any kind of dental disorder (malocclusion) and account for predictable results, prior to beginning of treatment. These are most effective and largely preferred by patients.

General Braces for Adults

The regular braces put gentle pressure to move teeth, into proper position, over time. Orthodontists glue brackets to the front of teeth and attach a wire. This wire is tightened every 4 to 6 weeks, depending on the treatment. Both teeth and jaws move to their correct position, gradually. Fit takes around 18 months to 36 months for regular braces to work effectively and give the desired results. Apart from regular ones, there are metallic braces, where the brackets are of the same color as the patient’s teeth. This makes them more difficult to be visible.

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146 First Floor
Vardhman Plaza
(opp. Sai Temple)
Ashirwad Chowk, Sector-4, Dwarka
New Delhi: 110078

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