Fixed, Complete or Partial Dentures
Experience counts when it comes to Dentures.
Shine Dental Clinic is known for the best dental treatment & when it comes to complex treatments like Dentures then Dr. Vikrant Kundu situated in Dwarka is the best choise
What are Dentures?
Dentures are removable frame or plate used for holding single or multiple artificial teeth. These are made of acrylic plastic, porcelain and metal materials. It can perfectly replace missing teeth as well as the tissues connected to those teeth. Dentures can be easily taken out and put back into place. Previously, patients took time to adjust to dentures, and they never felt like their natural teeth; however modern dentures are more comfortable and bear a natural look. Candidates automatically feel pleasant and can easily get used to dentures.
There are mainly two types of dentures: complete and partial. Depending on the condition, dentists recommend the most suitable type of dentures for every patient.
What are partial dentures?
Removable partial dentures or bridge comprise of replacement teeth, which is connected to a base of pink or gum-colored plastic. The base is often attached by a metal framework which holds the dentures firmly in its position. The partial dentures are mostly used when there are one or more teeth, remaining in the upper or lower jaw. A fixed bridge is used to replace a single or multiple teeth by inserting crowns on either side of the teeth’s space, and attaching artificial teeth to them. The fixed bridge is then cemented into proper place.
Partial dentures have two-fold benefits: it fills the gap created by missing tooth/teeth, and holds other teeth in their place by preventing them from changing their position. For more natural look, precision partial dentures are commonly used. Such dentures are removable, and have internal attachments, instead of clasps that easily attach to the neighboring crowns.
Why Partial Dentures should be fixed on time?
Removable Partial Dentures (RPDs) when attached to the remaining teeth, tend to accumulate huge amount of bacterial biofilm (plaque). Excess buildup of the plaque causes periodontal (gum disease), and tooth decay. Also, RPDs cause the teeth to loosen, over time. Therefore, it is important to fix the partial dentures on time, and keep the remaining teeth and gum tissues clean.
If the RPDs are not fixed properly, they become unstable and do not function properly. Along with teeth and gum tissues, the dentures must be cleaned thoroughly, so that it’s easily removed. Candidates must go for regular dental visits, to check the fit and position of RPDs.
What are Normal Dentures?
Normal or removable dentures are those which help in replacing one or more teeth, unlike a full denture which replaces all of teeth in a jaw. The normal dentures connect to the remaining teeth with the help of clasps and rests. Supported by grim ridge areas, these dentures can be easily removed by the patients. These are suitable for those willing to replace teeth for functional or aesthetic purpose. Also, patients who can’t have a fixed partial denture can opt for normal ones. Normal dentures are way cheaper than implant-supported dentures, which is why, people with low budget go for this treatment.
Permanent Partial Dentures with Implants
Also known as Over-dentures, the implant-supported partial dentures is one that is attached to the implants. Dentists use the partial denture implants when there are no teeth in the jaw; however the jaw has enough bone to support implants. The over-dentures have special attachments which easily snap onto the attachments on the implant. Such dentures are usually meant for the lower jaw since regular dentures out there, are less stable. Regular dentures which are fit into the upper jaw can remain stable, on its own, without requiring extra support of implants. Patients can yet receive an implant in either the upper or the lower jaw.
When are complete dentures recommended & why it should be fixed on time?
Complete dentures are recommended when all the teeth are missing. These are full-coverage oral prosthetic devices, which replace a full arc of missing teeth. Dentures are immediately placed after removing remaining teeth. In order to prevent shrinkage of gums and bones, the complete dentures must be fixed on time. It also reduces the risk of further infection, soreness or other irritation.
What are Simple Full/Complete Dentures
Normal complete dentures are mainly used, when all of natural teeth go missing. Also known as full dentures, these are referred to as “false teeth”. The complete dentures hold onto place through suction, and are easily removable. Initially, these dentures can cause soreness, however with time, patients gradually get used to. There are two kinds of complete dentures: conventional and immediate dentures.
Permanent Implant-supported Dentures
The permanent implant-supported dentures rest on an implant and are ideal for those, who don’t have any teeth in the jaw, however, has enough jawbone to support implants. The process of placing the dentures with the help of implant is also known as full mouth rehabilitation. Unlike regular dentures, these dentures have special attachments that snap onto the implant.
Types of Denture Implants
There are mainly 4 types of implants- those supported by 4, 6, 8, and 10 implants. The number of implants to be attached to a denture depends on certain factors like size of the arch, functional and aesthetic needs, amount of available bone, expected chewing forces (strong or weak musculature), and occlusion, i.e. bite.
- Dentures supported by 4 Implants: These are mostly done for supporting an upper bridge.
- Dentures supported by 6 Implants: When sufficient bone is available for restoring 10 teeth, 6 dental implants are placed.
- Dentures supported by 8 Implants: In case of adequate bone, and patient’s affordability for extra implants, 8 dental implants are strongly recommended.
- Dentures supported by 10 Implants: 10 implants give maximum stability, fix dentures for lifetime, and never come out. These are indeed the best options, however, are quite expensive.
Is doing more implants supporting complete denture, a good idea?
Implant-supported complete dentures are more convenient and comfortable to wear. There is hardly any regular maintenance like regular dentures. Patients need not go for frequent visits to their clinics. Visiting dentists once a blue moon, or when patients encounter problems, is more than sufficient. If patients consider doing implants, they must go for the implant dentures.
Benefits of Dentures supported by Implants
- Improved Functionality: The implant dentures continuously rest against the gum line. It perfectly fits onto the jaws and permanently stays in position. There is higher level of convenience and comfort.
- Improved Oral Health: Implant-supported dentures retain the dental structure, and do not apply excess pressure to the gums. These dentures constantly stimulate the jawbones and prevent future loss of bone.
- Natural Look: Both partial as well as implant dentures bear a normal look, like a natural teeth.
- Painless Procedure: Partial and implant dentures placement is a painless and effortless process, which happens without causing damage to the adjacent teeth.
Q1. How long does dentures last?
A. Usually, dentures last anywhere between 5 to 10 years. Dentures prevent mouth and gums from changing their shape for the rest of life. These can be easily replaced ad adjusted, whenever required.
Q2. How much dentures cost?
A. A set of complete dentures cost around $1,300, whereas immediate dentures cost about $1,450. Partial metal dentures also about $1500. The cost however varies from clinics, and is dependent on the standard of treatment, infrastructure, and maintenance.
Q3. How to clean dentures?
A. Dentures should be maintained like regular teeth. Dentists recommend to brush dentures post-meals. Candidates can easily take out their dentures, hold with their thumb and forefinger and clean it. It’s a good practice to use a denture brush and denture cleaner while cleaning dentures. Any kind of bleaching agents should be avoided, since it discolors the pink acrylic of the gum line.
Q4. Why and how often should denture candidates, visit their dentists?
A. After undergoing dentures, candidates must make it a point to visit their dentists, at least once a year. A yearly visit allows dentist to determine the fit of dentures, and provide suitable suggestions for dental care and hygiene. Dentists can also check for potential risks like oral cancer.
Q5. What to do if dentures cause soreness on the gums?
A. It’s quite rare to have soreness and spots, after getting new dentures. However, if candidates face such problems, they must immediately contact their dentist or clinic, and fix an immediate appointment. Little adjustments help in eliminating sore spots and redness. During the first 60 days after treatment, clinics don’t charge for any such services. However, after two months, they charge a small amount for making these adjustments.
Q6. Do dentures affect eating and speaking?
A. Eating with dentures will take some practice. With dentures, candidates will gradually learn how to bite into food, and not pull away head, until the food is already there in mouth. Such small adjustments and little tweaks train candidates to eat with dentures.
Having speech problems at the initial stage is quite natural. Candidates need to be extra careful while conversing and gradually they must re-train their tongue and lips, regarding its whereabouts, and adjust their speaking patterns accordingly.