Dr. Vikrant Kundu

BDS (Hons)
MDS ( Orthodontics )
CAIC ( Implantology Korea )
ADIC ( Implantology Israel )
CHIEF MENTOR, Mirell International

Pediatric/Kids Dentist


Pediatric/Kids Dentist in Dwarka, Delhi (Near Me)

If you are looking for the best & specialized Pediatric/Kids Dentist in Dwarka, Delhi or near me (near your area), then Dr Vikrant Kundu & his dental team at Shine Dental is the answer.



Introduction

Pediatric Dentistry caters to a child’s dental health and oral hygiene. Right after birth, babies must be taken to a dentist to diagnose their dental condition, to ensure proper dental growth and development. A kid’s first visit to a dentist should be pleasant. Being kids, they might not be fearful at the very sight of a dentist; however they might fear the unknown. Dentistry for Kids makes good effort to make each child’s visit, non-frightening, comforting, and memorable. From the moment kids walk into the clinic till they leave; they are taken through an amazing journey, after which, they feel better and happy.



Important Facts about Child Dentistry

According to the American Academy of Pediatric Dentists, every kid must be taken to their dentist, by the first birth. Kids start getting their first set of teeth from 6 months to 1 year of age. At this stage, it is important to undergo proper medical monitoring, and abiding by specific oral hygiene, as suggested by dentists. For long-term benefits and healthy dental parts; dental care and protection should from an early age.



Taking care of new teeth

The first of a child’s teeth (baby teeth) starts appearing between 6 to 12 months, after birth. The baby teeth continue to develop till the child attains 3 years of age. During this phase, gums might become soft and painful, and gives lot of discomfort and unpleasant feeling to kids. Parents can ease the pain by rubbing a clean finger or a cool, wet tissue across the gum. A teething ring can also be used for healing sore gums. After completing teething, parents can expect about 20 primary teeth.

Now, the primary teeth start falling, at different phases of childhood. Permanent teeth start emerging from the age of six, and continue till 21, as the children step into adulthood. By then, they have 28 permanent teeth, and 32 including the 4 wisdom teeth.



Ways of adopting healthy hygiene habits

As teeth start appearing, parents must be cautious about maintaining good dental health and oral hygiene. These are some of the ways, to ensure good dental habits:


  • As children get new teeth, it must be examined, twice a month. It helps in identifying potential dental problems like lines, discoloration, and decay. Children must be kept away from excess intake of sugary food and liquids, which have a tendency to affect new tooth. Children should also brush their teeth, after every meal. Dentists recommend brushing three times a day: after breakfast, lunch, and dinner.
  • Brushing must start right from the first set of teeth. While brushing, parents must use a soft-bristled toothbrush and pea-size amount of toothpaste.
  • Parents having kids below two years must avoid using fluoride toothpaste, unless recommended by dentists or other health professionals. It is best to review proper tooth brushing techniques from the dentists.
  • Besides regular brushing, flossing is another good dental routine. There is a specific time to start flossing, which is communicated by the dentists. During the course of time, if there is any decay or infection in tooth, parents must immediately contact their child’s dentist.


Reason for Tooth Decay

Tooth infection or decay is mainly caused by sugary substance, which remains in the mouth. The left-over sugars gradually turn into acid, and breaks down teeth.



Ways of Preventing Tooth Decay


  • Tooth decay can be best prevented by visiting the dentist, every six months. Regular checkups, dental cleaning, and fluoride treatments, twice a year helps in maintaining good, healthy and strong teeth.
  • Dentists also suggest tooth sealants since they “seal” the deep grooves within children’s teeth and prevent decay formation in the hard-to-reach areas. Sealants have years of longevity, however should be examined during regular checkups.


Emergencies

A child’s dental health can also become critical, which might call for emergency care and medical attention. Here are the most common emergency dental situations, and ways to start preliminary treatment, right at home.


  • Bitten Tongue or Lip
    If kids bite their tongue or lip hard, and face bleeding; parents must immediately clean the bite with water, and cold compress it to prevent swelling. They can use a cold, wet towel or wet tissue and firmly place in the affected area. Post home care; the child should be rushed to the pediatric unit, for monitoring the severity of bite.

  • Object trapped within teeth
    When something gets caught between teeth, the best thing is to use a dental floss and gently remove it. In doing so, parents must avoid using plastic, metal or sharp object to remove the stuck substance. In case parents are unable to deal with it, they should contact their child’s dentist.

  • Fractured Tooth
    If a part of tooth gets broken, chipped or fractured, kids should be first made to rinse the mouth, using warm water. After that, parents can cold compress the injured tooth and reduce swelling. If possible, they must try to find and save the tooth-piece that broke off, and give a call to the pediatric centre for immediate action.

  • Knocked-out Tooth
    If permanent or adult tooth gets knocked-out, parents should immediately rinse it with water, without applying soap. They must only touch the tooth crown (part of the tooth which can be seen), try and place it in the socket, and hold it in its position with a clean cloth or towel. In case they are unable to place the cracked tooth in its place; they must keep it a clean container, with milk. Children should be taken to the hospital, for re-implantation of the knocked-off tooth.

    As for primary tooth or baby tooth, usually, they are not re-implanted. In this case, parents must consult their child’s dentist, who shall look for pieces of the tooth’s remaining fragments, if any.

  • Toothache
    When kids complain of having pain in their tooth, parents should rinse his or her mouth with warm water and look for any object, which might get stuck between the teeth. If pain persists, they can cold compress the area. Applying any kind of aspirin or pain killer directly in the area, will only spoil gums and affect it severely. Children must take pain-killers orally, post which the dentist should be contacted for an immediate appointment.

  • Loose Tooth
    Loose Tooth should immediately be removed since children have a tendency to swallow or inhale the loose tooth, which can bring potential complications in their overall health.

  • Broken jaws
    Often, jaws break due to a blow on a head. Hard blows affect brain nerves connecting to the jaws. The best way to heal broken jaws is to cold compress the specific area for preventing further inflammation. Critical head blows can be life-threatening. If children are spotted with broken jaws, parents should waste no time and rush to the hospital.

    Apart from these common injuries, children can suffer from any kind of dental problems. Parents must always watch out their eating habits, speaking and smiling abilities and ensure good dental health and oral care. For avoiding any sort of dental injury, parents can child-proof their homes to avoid falls. Infants should not be allowed to chew ice, popcorn kernels or hard food. While driving, young children should be protected with customized seatbelts and older children should wear normal seatbelts. Those actively involved in sports, should wear mouth guard. Besides these, regular brushing, flossing and cleanups help in preventing any dental problem and maintain oral health.


Pediatric Dental FAQs

Here are the most common questions which strike parents’ mind, while taking care of their child’s teeth.

Q1. When shall the child’s first visit to the dentist be scheduled?
A. As new-born gets the first tooth, parents must immediately consult a dentist. According to American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry, within six months of a child’s first tooth, visiting a dentist becomes mandatory. If tooth doesn’t erupt by six months, the child must be taken to the dentist, as he or she attains one year of age.

Q2. What is the difference between a pediatric dentist and a normal dentist?
A. All dentists including oral surgeons, orthodontists, and pediatric dentists complete their preliminary education from a dental school, post which they opt for specialized training and education their education, in different fields of dentistry, pediatric being one.

While studying pediatric dentistry, they develop in-depth knowledge and detailed understanding of treating infants, children and teens with their dental problems. They also develop expertise in childhood behavior and development.

Q3. What happens during a child’s first visit to the pediatric dentist?
A. At the very first visit, dentists and the medical staff spend time in knowing the child, and provide basic information about dental care. Pediatrics monitor child’s teeth, ensure proper positioning and dental health, and also look for potential problems within the gums and jaw.

In some cases, dental staff also cleans teeth, if required. They provide complete assistance to parents and gives good solutions to their concerns. Parents can also collect materials, containing good dental tips, which they can refer at home.

Q4. How to prepare toddlers for the first dental appointment?
A. The best thing that parents can do is to maintain a positive attitude and make the child feel comfortable. Since new-born can adapt to their parent’s worries; therefore the adults must make the child feel for a pleasant experience and groom them accordingly.

Parents can show colorful pictures of the dental care unit, since most pediatric centres decorate their interiors, keeping in mind kids and children. Kids must be made realize the importance of healthy tooth and gums. Out at the pediatric unit, the dental staff and specialist are well trained to handle the fears and anxiety of kids.

Q5. How often should parents take their kids to the dentist?
A. Usually, parents must take their kids to the dentist, right from birth, at an interval of six months. However, the frequency of visits varies according to circumstances. Based on certain dental problems or issues, kids might have to visit the dentist frequently. In such cases, the dental specialists give their suitable dates.

Q6. Why do Baby teeth need special attention, even though they aren’t permanent?
A. In spite of the fact that baby teeth doesn’t last long, these teeth pay a pivotal role in overall dental health and oral condition. While the baby teeth are in place, they help kids to smile, speak and eat properly. Since babies can’t bite, with the help of their first teeth, they learn to chew food. Furthermore, baby teeth also hold space in the jaw for permanent teeth.

In case if babies lose their teeth too early, due to infection, decay or damage, and a new tooth erupts in that space; the permanent teeth can get crooked or misplaced. During this stage, if there are problems within the teeth and gums, it can also affect the child’s overall health.

Q7. How to take best care of baby’s teeth?
A. Parents must start caring for their baby’s teeth, even before they appear. Prior getting the first tooth, parents should clean the baby’s gums, post-feeding. A damp and soft washcloth should be used. As the first tooth appears, parents can use toothbrush, having small head and soft bristles. There are special toothbrushes available only for kids.

Q8. What is the appropriate age to use toothpaste for brushing children’s teeth?
A. When kids have their first teeth, parents can use toothpaste, in small amount. For children under two years, parents must purchase fluoride-free toothpaste, since kids have a tendency to swallow their toothpaste, and ingesting excess fluoride can stain their teeth. To grow good habits, children should be trained from an early age, to rinse and spit out toothpaste, post-brushing. By this, children gradually adopt the habit and continue it lifelong, as they switch to fluoride toothpaste. Parents must take responsibility to brush their kids’ teeth, until they attain six to seven years of age, and take charge of brushing their teeth.

Q9. How are cavities caused?
A. There are specific kinds of bacteria which always stay in our mouth. When the harmful bacteria come in contact with sugary food substance left behind the teeth, together they form acids. The acids attack the enamel, at the exterior of the teeth, and create holes in the teeth by eating through the enamel. The holes so formed in the teeth, are called cavities.

Q10. How can kids avoid cavities?
A. As kids grow up, they must regularly brush their teeth, at least twice a day, post meals. They must use fluoride toothpaste, while brushing. Children must floss since flossing reach hard-to-reach areas between the teeth, where brushes cant. Dentists can also suggest some fluoride supplements, which make enamel harder and more decay-resistant.

It is good to avoid food and drinks, containing high amount of sugar. Sweet and fried snacks must be consumed, within limitations. Healthy and balanced diet, regular appointments, and professional dental cleanings help in avoiding cavities.

Q11. Do kids require dental sealants?
A. Dental sealants are safe and simplest way to avoid tooth infections, cavities and decay. Sealants work best for molars, which are difficult to reach. Sealants cover the fissures and pits within teeth, which are vulnerable to decay.

Q12. How to protect teeth of children, who play sports?
A. Children actively involved in sports, should wear mouth guards, to protect their teeth from breakage or any other damage. Sports children can wear customized mouth guard to protect their teeth, lips, chin and gums, from any injury.

Q13. What to do, if kids suck their thumb?
A. Most infants have a habit of sucking their thumb. However, within four to five years of age, they automatically withdraw this habit, without causing permanent damage to their teeth. Even after five years, if kids suck their thumb, parents should take them to the dentist, who can look for potential problems if any that might arise from the thumb-sucking habit.

Q14. When to have dental X-Rays of child’s teeth?
A. X-Rays should be taken, by the child becomes two or three. The first set of X-Rays contains simple pictures of the upper and lower teeth, and helps children to publicize with the process. If the baby teeth touch one another, X-Rays must be done, at least once a year.

Around six years of age; permanent teeth starts developing. Through X-Rays, pediatric dentists ensure that the kid’s teeth and jaw are well aligned and healthy; and the overall dental condition is good. In case children face risks of potential dental problems; parents must take X-Rays right from an early age and consult a pediatric dentist for appropriate solution to prevent further damage and improve dental health of child.

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Vardhman Plaza
(opp. Sai Temple)
Ashirwad Chowk, Sector-4, Dwarka
New Delhi: 110078


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